According to reports from the USA, the first COVID-19 patient in the USA who received a lung transplant was released from the hospital this week.
After coronavirus Mayra Ramirez, 28, who caused irreversible damage to her lungs, underwent a transplant on June 5. Live Science has already been reportedIn order to qualify for the procedure, she first had to test a negative result virus, because transplant patients must take immunosuppressive drugs after surgery. Drugs prevent the body from rejecting a new organ, but bleed it The immune systemability to suppress active infection.
“When Mayro̵7;s body cleared the virus, it was clear that the lung damage would not be treated, so we had to list it. lungs transplant, ”Dr. Beth Malsin, Pulmonary and Critical Care Specialist at Northwestern Memorial Hospital, stated in a statementTwo days later, Ramirez received new lungs.
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Ramirez woke up after a 10-hour operation when “all these tubes” came out – “I couldn’t recognize my own body,” she said. The New York TimesBefore the operation, Ramirez spent six weeks in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) on a ventilator and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) machine, which pumps oxygenated blood into the body when the heart and lungs cannot do it alone.
“I don’t remember anything during my six weeks at COVID ICU. When I finally woke up, it was mid-June and I had no idea why I was in a hospital bed,” Ramirez said in a statement from the Northwest. When she finally woke up, her sisters asked if she knew the date, and according to the Times, Ramirez said it was early May. She could return home on July 29.
Ramirez has been taking anti-rejection drugs for the rest of her life, but because she is young and healthy, “she will get stronger and stronger,” her surgeon Dr. Ankit Bharat for the New York Times. After a lung transplant, more than 85% to 90% of patients survive for one year and can function independently in their daily lives. About 50% of lung transplant recipients survive for at least five years after the procedure, and there are reports of some people living for 20 years or more. United Kingdom National Health Service.
“She asked if she could go skydiving. We will probably get her there in a few months, “Bharat said of Ramirez.
After Ramirez’s transplant, Northwestern patient Brian Kuhns, a 62-year-old coronavirus patient, performed a second lung transplant.
“Mayra and Brian would not be alive today without a double lung transplant,” Bharat said in a statement. “COVID-19 completely destroyed them lungsand were critically ill as they went into the transplant procedure, which made her a daunting step. “The procedure usually takes six to seven hours, but both Kuhns and Ramirez underwent 10-hour operations because there was so much inflammation and dead tissue in the lungs.
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Now that Kuhns and Ramirez are recovering, Northwestern has two more COVID-19 patients waiting for a lung transplant, and the hospital is consulting with other transplant centers on how to proceed with a complex operation.
“It will be a challenge for doctors to determine which patients are really candidates and what the timing is,” said the Times Times. Tiago Machuca, a thoracic surgeon at the University of Florida Medical Clinic in Gainesville. A patient who was transferred from another COVID-19 state recently received a lung transplant at Shands Hospital.
“We don’t want to do it too soon when the patient can still recover from COVID and continue a good quality of life, but you also don’t want to miss the boat and have the patient where it is unnecessary, the patient is too sick,” he said.
“I think people need to know this possibility first and just start talking about it before they get there,” Bharat told the Times.
Originally published on Live Science.