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Home / Science / Solar System Review – New York Times

Solar System Review – New York Times



This summer – from NASA, China and the United Arab Emirates – will join dozens of missions to Mars active and inactive spaceship behind the orbit of the Earth.














A spaceship orbits the Sun.

Solar orbiter began studying the sun and its poles in February.

Parker solar probe shifts the edge of our star.

STEREO A and STEREO B watch the solar storms.

Tesla Roadster lazily orbits the sun.

Spitzer he watched the newborn planets and retired this year.

Kepler until the shutdown in 2018.

Ulysses was the first to study solar poles.


mercury

BepiColombo leads to 2025.

messenger mapped the planet and crashed in 2015.

Sailor 10 was the first to reach Mercury in 1974.


Venus

Akatsuki She studied Venus with a slow rotation and began with IKAROS solar sail.

Venus Express he probed the Venusian atmosphere.

Magellan he mapped the planet and sank through its clouds.

Vega 1 and Vega 2 the landers fell before transitioning to Halley’s Comet.

Pioneer Venus 1 tossed the probes in 1978.

Sailor 10 flew away in 1974.

Venus 7 he was the first to land gently. In the 70’s and early 80’s, more Vener spaceships followed.


L1 Lagrangian point

Balance between sun and earth.

DSCOVR looks back at the sunny Earth.

ACE studies particles from the sun and beyond.

SOHO monitors space weather and finds new comets.

WIND studying the solar wind.

LISA Pathfinder maintained two weights in free fall, a test for sensing gravitational waves.

Genesis he caught the particles of the solar wind and crashed them back to Earth.

ISEE-3 was the first orbit of the L1 point in 1978. The spacecraft was revived in 2014 by technical-archaeologists.


Country

International Space Station has more than 2,600 smaller satellites in Earth’s orbit.

Hubble just turned 30.

Chandra the star’s watch explodes in an X-ray burst.

TESS hunts planets and orbits in resonance with the moon.


Head to Mars

endurance he may start wandering around the dry lake this week and relax ingenuity helicopter.

Tianwen-1 launched on July 23 for orbit, landing and grove.

hope launched on July 19 into Mars orbit.

Rosalind Franklin the rover was postponed to 2022.


the moon

Chandrayaan-2 studies the lunar surface. his Vikram lander crashed near the south pole of the moon in 2019.

Chang’e-4 was the first to land gently on the far side of the moon and relaxed Yutu-2 rover. Communicates with the Earth via Queqiao relay satellite.

Chang’e 5-T1 went through the moon and sent the test capsule back to Earth.

Chang’e-3 landed with yutu rover.

Monthly exploratory orbiter maps the surface and noticed the landing of Apollo.

Twin ARTEMIS the spaceship is studying the Earth’s magnetosphere.

Beresheet crashed on landing in 2019.

fallow he studied the dust of the moon and crashed on the other side.

outflow and flow mapped lunar gravity.

Chang’e-1 mapped the moon. Chang’e-2 orbited and then left for Lagrang point L2.

LCROSS dove into the cloud from crashed centaur rocket.

Chandrayaan-1 found water.

SMART-1 tested ion drive.

Lunar prospectus looking for polar ice.

Clementine tested equipment and cameras.

Hiten counted dust and crashed in 1993. Selene followed the development of the month.

Luna 24 was the last of many successful Luna missions. In 1976, she returned the sample to Earth.

Explorer 49 was the last American mission to the moon in two decades Clementine in 1994.


L2 Lagrangian point

Balance beyond the Earth.

Spectrum-RG detects an X-ray sky.

Gaia maps of billions of stars.

Herschel staring at the infrared stars.

Planck and WMAP probed cosmic microwave background.


Mars

Insight landed in 2018 and listens to marsquakes.

ExoMars Trace gas orbiter he growled at the methane and released the convict Schiaparelli Lander.

Maven studies the history of Mars.

Mission Mars Orbiter, also called MOM or Mangalyaan, is India ‘s first mission on another planet.

curiosity Roves Gale crater, an ancient Martian lake.

Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter studies and photographs of the surface of Mars.

Mars Express he released the silence Beagle 2 lander, which was located in 2015.

Mars Odyssey maps water and ice to Mars.

phoenix landed in the Martian Arctic region.

opportunity rover died in 2019.

spirit the rover got stuck in the sand after wandering to Mars for six years.

Mars Pathfinder landed and released Sojourner, the first rover on another planet.

Mars Global Surveyor he mapped the planet.

Viking 1 and Viking 2 they landed in 1976.

Sailor 9 was the first vessel to orbit on another planet.

Sailor 4 was the first to graduate from Mars.


Asteroids

OSIRIS-Rex in October, he taps on the asteroid Bennu.

Hayabusa2 he shot a hole in Ryug’s asteroid, touched its surface, and grabbed a sample.

Chang’e-2 orbited the Moon and L2 before passing the asteroid 4179 Toutatis.

dawn visited the asteroid Vesta and then mapped the dwarf planet Ceres.

Hayabusa in 2010, it sent dust from the asteroid Itokawa back to Earth. He is small Minerva lander did not reach the surface.

NEAR Shoemaker an asteroid flew before orbiting and landing on Eros.


comets

Rosetta passed through asteroids, followed comet 67P / CG and repulsed and lost Philae landing on its surface.

Deep Impact in 2005 he hit the impact element on Comet Tempel 1 epoxy, a spaceship flew to visit Comet Hartley 2.

Stardust flew past the asteroid, returned the sample from Comet Wild 2, and looked at Tempel 1 again.

Deep space 1 graduated from the asteroid Braille in 1999 and Comet Borrell in 2001.

Giotto. Suisei. Sakigake. Vega 1 and Vega 2 in 1986 he converged on Halley’s Comet.

ISEE-3 has been renamed International Currency Explorer and was the first to visit the comet in 1985. In 2014, it collapsed again around Earth.


Jupiter

Juno it spins in constant sunlight to study Jupiter.

Galileo was the first to orbit and crashed in 2003.

Ulysses. Cassini and New Horizons passed through Jupiter on a trip to other destinations.

Pioneer 10 was the first to reach Jupiter in 1973, followed by Pioneer 11 in 1974 and Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 in 1979.


Saturn

Cassini took amazing pictures of Saturn and his moons, he dropped Huygens he landed on Titan and finally plunged into the rings and disappeared.

Pioneer 11 was the first to graduate Saturn in 1979, followed by Voyager 1 in 1980 and Voyager 2 in 1981.


uranium

Voyager 2 flew around 1986.


Neptune

Voyager 2 passed through Neptune and its moon Triton in 1989.


Pluto

New Horizons during a flight in 2015, they saw the frozen heart of a dwarf planet.


Cooper Belt

New Horizons graduated from Ultima Thule – now called Arrokoth – in 2019 and eventually left the solar system.


Interstellar space

Voyager 1 left our solar system in 2012.

Voyager 2 followed in 2018.

Pioneer 10 and Pioneer 11 they are almost there, but they are no longer in contact with the Earth.

Note: This graphic includes a spacecraft currently operating out of Earth’s orbit, as well as many crashed or inactive spacecraft from recent decades. It misses the Apollo missions, most of the spaceships launched before Pioneer 10 in 1972, many Soviet moon and Venus missions, and some recent microsatellites. Illustrations without scale.


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